About porcelain

In the beginning there was the clay , the water, the sun and two skillful hands which, playfully or out of curiosity have shaped a form which was fit to deposit food, fruit or cereal grains.

Then there was the fire, in which the clay object landed, by chance or not, but which meant a tremendous discovery because, through burning, the pot bacame hardened, and especially iyt could hold drinking water and other liquids.

The next step was the decoration of objects, rudimentary in the beginning, by simple scratches. Then a red clay water was used, white or black, then, little by little, the decoration began to take more and more complex forms.

Then followed the mixing of clay with other materials, finding and developing in time new processing procedures, shaping and decorating becoming a real industry nowadays.

Therefore the clay, or burnt mud, also named terra cota, found in natural state on the river banks was the first material to be used by humans in order to build pots and recipients. The discovering of the properties of other clays lead to the apparition of the ceramic.

Ceramic is a product obtained out of clays, caoline, quartz, magnesite and talcum, by using specific procedures. The name comes from the Greek word keramos, which means clay.

Ceramic has a wide range of uses, starting from house-keeping and decoration and ending with industrial products or products desined to the construction area. Speaking only of house-keeping items, we can name the following products:

  • porcelain
  • half-porcelain
  • faience
  • regular ceramics

Our object of interest is the Porcelain

The Porcelain is a ceramic product which differs from other types of ceramic due to the ingredients out of which it is made, but also due to the manufacturing process which ensures its endurance.

The porcelain is a fine ceramic with a verified structure, greyish white and yellowish white (the extra-fine porcelain), obtained by burning at high temperatures a paste of quartz, kaoline, different other components.

Depending of the substance used, there are soft porcelains and hard porcelains.

The hard porcelains have a decreased degree of white colour, the glazing is tough and they have a better mechanical endurance than the soft ones. Thatțs why they are used mainly in the HO-RE-CA industry ( hotels, restaurants, catering).

The soft porcelains are finer and have an increased degree of white colour (75%), they are translucent and are used for fine house-keeping items and for art objects.

Soft porcelains can be feldspatic whic contain between 30 and 60 % feldspat) si fosfatic.

The latter have as a binding substance the bone flour and are also known as English porcelains.

The products offered by us are fosfatic porcelains which are manufactured by pouring sprocket in cast moulds. After being taken out of the mould, each and every object is being polished and finished.

After those finished objects are dried, those which are to be decorated are passed through fire, in order to confer solidity , so that they can be habndled and emailed. That process is performed by introducing the object in an email bath.

Then burning follows, the temperature depending on the type of paste and can reach 1400 for the tough paste.

After burning at high temperatures, the porous and amorphous material becomes shining and translucid and is fit for decoration with glazing or colours for decoration which is applied in one or more layers, burnt at variable temperatures.

The manual decoration requires mastering a highly-specialised craft and great skill.

In order to decorate LuKa fosfatic porcelain we use pigments based on frite, which, by burning at high temperatures merge with the glazing and with the object. Consequently, there is no risk for the drawing to be ruined in time, due to repeated washing.

The objects gain greater value after adding gol 14K gold, silver or platinum (upon request).

The burning-coooling lasts roughly 14 to 18 hours, depending on the quantity with which the oven is loaded, on the colours used or on the external temperature.

Our products include cups in different sizes and shapes, plates, round, square or star-shaped ), water jugs, milk or wine jugs, a set of cup (coffee/ tea, instant coffee) and a plate, kettle, a ‘’tea for one’’set, a set for children, a set for TV, trays (oval, rectangular or square) boxes for jewels ( round), candle-holders, Christmas or Easter decorations.

We love what we do and we are extremely happy every time we create a new model for you and there is no greater joy than to know that you, too are charmed by our products.

The manually pained porcelain is a valuable piece of investment for anyone.

We are offering you unique objects which can give individuality to your home, also to those you love and appreciate.

We are looking forward to receiving your orders.

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